Moral Images of Freedom: A Future for Critical Theory (New

Format: Hardcover

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 14.58 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Aristotle said the Highest Good must have three characteristics: a) desirable for its own sake, b) not desirable for the sake of some other good and c) all other 'goods' desirable for its sake. Fine words and an insinuating appearance are seldom associated with true virtue. (Confucius, Analects) Have no friends not equal to yourself. (Confucius, Analects) What the superior man seeks is in himself; what the small man seeks is in others. (Confucius) Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. (Confucius, Analects) If a man takes no thought about what is distant, he will find sorrow near at hand. (Confucius, Analects) Life itself is neither a good nor an evil: life is where good or evil find a place, depending on how you make it for them. (Seneca) Moral philosophy is nothing else but the science of what is good, and evil, in the conversation, and society of mankind.

[...]

Upright Lives: Documents Concerning the Natural Virtue and

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 14.35 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

For instance, whatever is �known� believed to be right or wrong, good or ad is a major factor in moral decisions, and these have remained the primary issues in ethics. Moral development and cognitive development are thus closely intertwined. They were portrayed as him talking with an expert, and informed the reader of morals. It is better to bring up an objection yourself than to hope your reader won't think of it. He believed that literature, through its teachings, is capable of corrupting religion and undermining the morality of people.

[...]

Treatise on Basic Philosophy: Ethics: The Good and The Right

Format: Paperback

Language:

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 10.19 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

The moral law then specifies how we should regard and treat agents who have this special status. Nevertheless, this is a hard lesson, both for the religious, who see themselves as morally superior (and who, in some ways, are actually right about that), and for the anti-religious, who often use deceptions like "separation of church and state" to actually attempt to suppress the free speech and practice of the religious.

[...]

Doing the Right Thing: Cultivating Your Moral Intelligence

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 10.31 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

That is not something you follow and then change afterward. But this difference in meaning is compatible with there being no practical difference, in the sense that conformity to one formulation cannot lead one to violate another formulation. This has important implications in debates between atheists and theists because if the existence of a god is incompatible with the existence of free will, then none of us have any real choice in what we do and, therefore, cannot be held morally accountable for our actions.

[...]

Through the Valley of Shadows: Living Wills, Intensive Care,

Format: Hardcover

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 11.21 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

For a discussion of lying with Sissela Box, see Talk of the Nation: Lying, December 3, 1996. Other critics are concerned that Virtue Ethics leaves us hostage to luck, and that it is unfair that some people will be lucky and receive the help and encouragement they need to attain moral maturity, while others will not, through no fault of their own. This objectivism almost inevitably slides into ethnocentrism as some privileged understanding of rationality is falsely legitimated by claiming for it an unwarranted universality.

[...]

Right, Wrong and Reality: Religion and Social Conflict

Format: Print Length

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 10.13 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Statement (2) is a normative statement that claims that a certain behavior is immoral. To act according to that universal natural law is to act ethically. If he is a Stoic, he is apt to have a decidedly strained notion of what "flourishing consists" in; if he is a Jew or Christian, he need not have any very distinct notion: the way it will profit him to abstain from injustice is something that he leaves it to God to determine, him self only saying "It can't do me any good to go against his law." (But he also hopes for a great reward in a new life later on, e.g. at the coming of Messiah; but in this he is relying on special promises.) It is left to modern moral philosophy‑the moral philosophy of all the well‑known English ethicists since Sidgwick‑-to construct systems according to which the man who says "We need such‑and‑such, and will only get it this way" may be a virtuous character: that is to say, it is left open to debate whether such a procedure as the judicial punishment of the innocent may not in some circumstances be the "right" one to adopt; and though the present Oxford moral philosophers would accord a man permission to "make it his principle" not to do such a thing, they teach a philosophy according to which the particular consequences of such an action could "morally" be taken into account by a man who was debating what to do; and if they were such as to conflict with his "ends," it might be a step in his moral education to frame a moral principle under which he "managed" (to use Mr.

[...]

Immorality (Princeton Legacy Library)

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 5.36 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

With usage of computers for communication being more preferred than pen and paper, following computer ethics have become a must for each and everyone! Foot (1958a, 1958b), argued against this idea, but the substantive definition still has the drawback is that it does not, somehow, seem to get at the essence of morality. Abu Bakr al-Razi, in his ethical treatise al-Tibb al-ruhani (The Spiritual Physic), refers to Plato as 'the master of the Philosophers and their leader', and to his teacher Socrates as 'the ascetic and godly' sage.

[...]

Rationalism

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 12.11 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Here we have only an imperfect duty not act so selfishly, since particular instances may require exceptions to the rule when it conflicts either with another imperfect duty (e.g., when I don't have enough money to help everyone in need) or a perfect duty (e.g., if the only way to get more money would be under a false promise). In the short term, we cannot expect others to agree on a universal moral system, since they are already committed to the systems they grew up with.

[...]

Music and Conceptualization (Cambridge Studies in

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 13.78 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

It utilizes role-playing and small group activities in the development of social awareness. He agrees that cognitive errors and excessive passion can distort our moral views and, in turn, incline us to choose the wrong things. We can only conclude by observation that there appears to be, or is, no universal moral standard. Most of us would agree that it is ethics in practice that makes sense; just having it carefully drafted and redrafted in books may not serve the purpose. The "veil of ignorance" in regard to what position you would be born into in society does not help you create the best laws if you do not truly understand the limitations and barriers different positions impose no matter what underlying qualities of character or latent talent one might possess.

[...]

Evening Round-Up: More Good Stuff Like Pep (Dodo Press)

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 9.03 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Delicate Subjects: Romanticism, Gender, and the Ethics of Understanding. Contrasts and Commonality When philosophy addresses... Herbert also rejected the subordination of philosophy to theology, holding that religious claims in conflict with intuitively known moral principles must be false. An excellent example of this is in The Tempest, expressed by the statement of Prospero in the epigraph to this essay. While it’s important to keep these criticisms in mind, it’s also wise to refer back to the idea of interactive discussion as an effective strategy in helping children construct their views of morality.

[...]