Seneca And Kant: Or An Exposition Of Stoic And Rationalistic

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Epistemology is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge, such as the relationships between truth, belief, and theories of justification. This all sounds like activities that are certainly supererogatory. Why I did this is not an unreasonable question. Contrary to the first impression we may have in reading the Groundwork, then, Kant does not argue that we attain the highest good by merely having a pure incentive in isolation from society.

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Morality, Mortality: Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

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Aristotle held that eudaimonia is constituted, not by honour, wealth or power, but by rational activity in accordance with virtue over a complete life, what might be described today as productive self-actualization. According to the utilitarian doctrine it is acceptable to sacrifice someone¶s happiness in order to serve the greater good. o Utilitarianism encourages managers to focus on the results of actions or policies. These officials do not have to consider the long-term results�only what is politically expedient.

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Notes Expository and Critical on Certain British Theories of

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In effect it is as if owning business grants a person license to break the rules of convention and ignore ethical and moral codes, all in the belief that it for the better economic good of the nation. Children’s literature often serves as an excellent stimulus for such discussion. Both follow the account of an individual experiencing a vision of the good by depicting that individual returning to active involvement with society. And, of course, there is serious disagreement about which laws ought to exist or what ought to be the law.

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It's Not The Winning That Counts: The Most Inspiring Moments

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Do they take the form of codifiable rules? One possible explanation for this is the combined effect of early positivistic worries about the metaphysical status of normative properties, followed (or augmented) by Wittgensteinian worries about definitions of any significant terms whatsoever. In descending order they were Iraq (8 to 1) and Somalia (5 to 1). Three strategies will be noted here: (1) virtue theories, (2) duty theories, and (3) consequentialist theories.

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Advice to Young Men, and (Incidentally) to Young Women, in

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I also acknowledge here and in other sections that cultures are typically the arbiters of justice; they define what is right and wrong, and the people implicitly agree by their obedience to the rules. For instance, if you object to some philosopher's view, don't assume he would immediately admit defeat. We must, as an act of love, withdraw fellowship and refuse "to keep company, if any man that is named a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such a one no not to eat" (I Corinthians 5:11).

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The Authenticity of Ethics

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Whether he allows that or not, however, we should already be able to see that universalization alone underdetermines the circumstances and requirements of morality. There are no police to call at the time, and even murder cases may only be matters of private legal action. But this is true only if a "situationalist" is someone who denies that there are any dispositions at all, or who (perhaps like Skinner, 1974) denies that it is useful to explain anything in terms of dispositions.

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The Essential Spinoza: Ethics And Related Writings

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But there's another, perhaps more intuitive, way to make the case, based on the idea that some counterfactually superior moral theory should be superior, simpliciter. And what awaits the Christian who has failed to dutifully become happy? Is the religious dimension here simply superfluous to the moral dimension? Baird Callicott and Robert Frodeman, eds. Worse, using religion as a personal safety net for serious decision-making is a reckless desertion of leadership responsibility.

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What is the Human Being? (Kant's Questions)

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When relativized to an individual in this way, morality has less limitation on content than when it is taken to refer to the code of conduct put forward by a society or group. Ethics are inter-personal or social codes of conduct. Like most sensible persons, Wilson is concerned about how people find happiness, not about duties imposed by the supposed entelechy of one's nature. Despite their merits, both are found wanting as theoretical foundations for animal rights.

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Animal Geographies: Place, Politics, and Identity in the

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He was educated at Southern Methodist University, where he received his B. At any rate, I should like to ask him whether he is now prepared to go a little further. I affirm merely that we cannot be sure that there are objective standards. So, in our society as well as any other, the best way to change moral standards - and behavior of people - is to encourage the use of sound ethical principles. We like then to flatter ourselves by falsely taking credit for a more noble motive; whereas in fact we can never, even by the strictest examination, get completely behind the secret springs of action; since, when the question is of moral worth, it is not with the actions which we see that we are concerned, but with those inward principles of them which we do not see.

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Ethical and Religious Thought in Analytic Philosophy of

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Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. Thus acts or policies are viewed as "good" if they benefit human individuals or communities. (A more generous view would place non-human but sentient creatures in the suburbs of our moral concern). These are very low correlations, below the level which people can detect. Third, as the experiment went on, "the events that unfolded did not `make sense' or `add up' ...

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